Here are some of the non-sociological acronyms used in this book. They give a sense of what the 21st century looks like – the ideas people talk about and groups they belong to. Indeed acronyms are part of the 21st century world in ways never been before. We have become ‘The Acronym Society’.
9/11                 11 September 2001 terrorist attack on twin towers in New York

7/7                   7th July   London bombing

AI                    artificial intelligence

AIDS               acquired immune deficiency

ANC               African National Congress

ANT               Actor Network Theory

ART                Antiretrovital therapy

AOL                America Online

AS                   Assisted conception

ASA                American Sociological Association

ASI                  Anti-slavery movement

ASBO             Anti-social order (now defunct)

ASEAN           Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BCS                 British Crime Survey

BHPS              British Household Panel Study

BSA                British Sociological Association

BSE                 Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

CAQDAS       Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis

CBS                 Columbia Broadcasting System

CCTV             closed-circuit television

CEE                 Central Eastern European

CFC                chlorofluorocarbon

CIS                  Commonwealth of Independent States

CJD                 Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

CND               Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

CNN               Cable News Network

CO                  carbon dioxide
DALY             Disability adjusted life year

DIY                 do-it-yourself

DNA               deoxyribonucleic   acid

DVD               digital video disc

DWP               Department of Work and Pension (U.K)

ECHR             European Court of Human Rights

ESA                 European Sociological Association

ESRC              Economic and Social Research Council

EU                   European Union

FAO                Food and Agricultural Organisation

FCS                 Fragile Conflict Affected States

G8                   (formerly G7) The ‘Group of Eight’ advanced industrialised nations:

Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK and US

G 20                mix of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies, representing about two-thirds of the world’s population, 85 per cent of global gross domestic product and over 75 per cent of global trade. Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

GATT             General Agreement on tariffs and Trade (now WHO)
GBD               Global burden of disease

GDI                 Gender-related Development Index (a UN measurement)

GDP                gross domestic product

GIS                  Geographic Information Systems

GLF                Gay Liberation Front

GM                 genetically modified

GMR              Gobal Monitoring Report

GNP                gross national product

GPS                 Global Positioining System

GSM               global social movement

HBAI              Households below average income

HDI                Human Development Index (a UN measurement)

HFEA             Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

HIV                 human immunodeficiency virus

HPI                 human poverty index

ICT                 information and communication technology

IDP                 internally displaced person

IFPI                 International Federation of the Phonographic Industry

IGO                 international governmental organisation

ILO                 International Labour Organisation

IMF                International Monetary Fund

IMR                infant mortality rate

IDMC             Internally Displacement Monitoring Centre

IDP                 Internally Displaced People
INGO              international non-governmental organisation

IOC                 International Olympic Organisation

IPCC               Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPEC               International Programme for the Elimination of Child Labour

IQ                    intelligence quotient

IRB                 Institutional Review Board

ISA                  International Sociological Association

ISDN               integrated services digital network

IT                    information technology

ITU                 international telecommunication union

IVF                  in vitro fertilization
MDG              Millenium Development Goal

NAFTA          North American Free Trade Agreement

NATO            North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

NBC                National Broadcasting Company

NGO               non-governmental organisation

NIC                 newly industrialised country

NRM              New religious movement

NRT                New Reproductive Technologies

NSM               New social movement

OECD             Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OPCS              Office of Population Census Survey

PIN                 personal identification number
QR                  quick response

R&D               research and development

RFID               Radio Frequency Identification Tagging

SARS              severe acute respiratory system

SD                   sustainable development
SDG                sustainable development goals

SEN                 special educational needs
SNS                 social network site

TB                   tuberculosis

TNC                transnational corporation

UN                  United Nations

UNCED          United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCHR          United Nations Centre for Human Rights

UNDP             United Nations Development Programme

UNEP             United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO        United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UNHCR          United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF         United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

UNPFA          United Nations Fund for Population Activities

URL                universal resource locator

USSR              Union of Soviet Socialist Republic

WB                  World Bank

WCED                        World Commission on Environment and Development

WBG               World Bank Group
WEF                World Economic Forum

WFP                World Food Programme

WHO              World Health Organisation

WTO               World Trade Organisation



VCR                video cassette recorder

QUANGO      Quasi-autonomous non governmental organisation

SSA                 Sub-Saharan Africa

SSSI                 Society for the study of symbolic interaction

OPEC              Organisation for Petroleum-Exporting Countries

PPC                 purchasing power parity

MTV               Music Tele Vision


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