Cosmopolitan Sexualities: Key Public Debates
[This page is in need of updating and is still under construction]
Table of Contents
- Family and Reproductive Politics
- Health and HIV/Aids
- Minorities and Sexual Rights
- Violence: The control of global sexual violence, exploitation and trafficking
- Communications: The global flow of sexual imagery and information
- Education: global development of sexuality education and children
Global Gender Gap: Annual Reports
The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.
The World’s Women: Annual Reports
The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It will merge and build on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system which focus exclusively on gender equality and women’s empowerment:
a) Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)
b) International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)
c) Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI)
d) United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
e) The main roles of UN Women are:
To support inter-governmental bodies, such as the Commission on the Status of Women, in their formulation of policies, global standards and norms
To help Member States to implement these standards, standing ready to provide suitable technical and financial support to those countries that request it and to forge effective partnerships with civil society.
To hold the UN system accountable for its own commitments on gender equality, including regular monitoring of system-wide progress.
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
Adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly, is often described as an international bill of rights for women.
By accepting the Convention, States commit themselves to undertake a series of measures to end discrimination against women in all forms, including:
to incorporate the principle of equality of men and women in their legal system, abolish all discriminatory laws and adopt appropriate ones prohibiting discrimination against women;
to establish tribunals and other public institutions to ensure the effective protection of women against discrimination; and
to ensure elimination of all acts of discrimination against women by persons, organizations or enterprises.
2. FAMILIES AND REPRODUCTION
Family: Families are central and universal in all societies but come in multiple forms and are open to change. Centrally, they organise reproduction (raising issues like fertility, birth control and the politics of reproduction), gender (raising issues like patriarchy, patrilineage and patrimonialism) and relationships ( raising issues of polygyny, polyarmoury, child marriage and same –sex marriage). Significant issues are:
a) The recognition of diverse family forms,
b) the significance of family size,
c) the importance of mortality and of children.
CENTER FOR REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS
Reproductive freedom lies at the heart of the promise of human dignity, self-determination and equality. We envision a world where every woman participates with full dignity as an equal member of society.
Dedicated to licensing and monitoring UK fertility clinics and all UK research involving human embryos, and providing impartial and authoritative information to the public.
This is a collection of articles that discusses women’s reproductive rights in different places of the world.
The World’s Abortion Laws
Since 1998, the Center for Reproductive Rights has produced The World’s Abortion Laws map to visually compare the legal status of induced abortion in different countries-and to advocate for greater progress in ensuring access to safe and legal abortion services for all women worldwide.
IPPF International Planned Parenthood Federation
In the early 1950s, a group of women and men started to campaign vociferously and visibly for women’s rights to control their own fertility.60 years later, the charity is a Federation of 152 Member Associations, working in 172 countries. It runs 65,000 service points worldwide. In 2011, those facilities delivered over 89 million sexual and reproductive health services.
ACPD Action Canada for Population and Development
ACPD is a non-profit advocacy organization that seeks to enhance the quality of life of women, men and young people by promoting progressive policies in the field of human rights and international development with a primary focus on reproductive and sexual rights and health
End Child Marriage
The Executive Report says:
Despite near-universal commitments to end child marriage, one in three girls in developing countries (excluding China) will probably be married before they are 18. One out of nine girls will be married before their 15th birthday. Most of these girls are poor, less-educated, and living in rural areas. Over 67 million women 20-24 year old in 2010 had been married as girls. Half were in Asia, one-fifth in Africa. In the next decade 14.2 million girls under 18 will be married every year; this translates into 39,000 girls married each day. This will rise to an average of 15.1 million girls a year, starting in 2021 until 2030, if present trends continue. While child marriages are declining among girls under age 15, 50 million girls could still be at risk of being married before their 15th birthday in this decade.
Key global figures:
In 2010, one in three young women aged 20-24 (34 per cent, or 67 million) globally were married as girls. Half were in Asia, one-fifth in Africa. About 12 per cent of them were married by age 15.
If present trends continue, 142 million girls will be married by their 18th birthday in the next decade (by 2020). This translates into 14.2 million girls married each year, or 30,000 girls married each day.
By 2030, the number of girls married by their 18th birthday will rise to 15.1 million a year, if nothing is done to end child marriage in this generation.
While child marriages are declining among girls under age 15, 50 million girls could still be at risk of being married before their 15th birthday in the next decade, if no action is taken to take solutions to scale.
Did you know? Regional data and trends
Child marriage is found in all regions of the world, but most married girls, in both proportions and numbers, live in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
In South Asia, nearly half (46 per cent) of young women aged 20-24 were married by their 18th birth- day in 2010. Bangladesh has the highest prevalence of child marriage in the region (66percent). Approximately 130 million girls in South Asia will be married as children by 2030, if present trends continue.
In sub-Saharan African, nearly two out of five (37 per cent) of young women aged 20-24 were married by their 18th birthday. Niger (75 per cent) has the highest prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 70 million girls in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of being married in the next two decades (by 2030).
Over a quarter (29 per cent) of young women aged 20-24 in Latin America and the Caribbean were child brides. Approximately 45.5 million girls in this region will be married by 2030.
Did you know? Key facts
The world has made little progress towards ending child marriage in the last 10 years, although some countries have reduced marriages of girls under 15.
Although the minimum legal age at marriage without parental consent is 18 years or higher in most countries, many women are still marrying at younger ages.
Source: Marrying Too Young: End Child Marriage UNFPA Fact Sheet
The Campaign Against Polygamy and Women Oppression International (CAPWOI)
An estimated over 2 billion men and women are in polygamous relationships around the world today (source: CAPWOI estimate in 2004).
We are women and men creating a louder voice for over two billion-voiceless women and children living under the oppression of polygamy in Africa, the third world and beyond.
With the use of scientific facts, human rights principles and ‘moralsuation,’ we are creating global awareness for the less publicised dangers of polygamy on women and children.
We are campaigning against polygamy because we have overwhelming evidence to support the fact that the practise breeds women oppression, corruption, poverty, sexual immorality, overpopulation, mass illiteracy, spread of pandemic diseases (i.e. HIV/AIDS), religious violence, anti-Western feelings and terror. Polygamy has for decades divided the world into two rival groups, namely; the polygamous nations and monogamous nations. By implication, polygamy does not support world peace, unity and security.
Our aim is to inform and support those interested to know more about polyamory, ethical non-monogamy and new areas like Relationship Anarchy. We also aim to focus on the British and European perspective. Over the coming months we will be adding interviews, reviews, podcasts, video and much more, to really bring awareness of the power and life changing qualities polyamory can offer. We created this site because it is the site we would like to have had when we began exploring love without limits.
“Sexual and reproductive ill health gives rise to nearly 20 per cent of the global burden of ill health for women and 14 per cent for men” (Hunt & Bueno de Mesquita, 2004)
Every year, maternal mortality claims 536,000 women’s lives. 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries.
215 million women in the developing world have an unmet need for modern contraceptives. In the least developed countries, the rate of unmet need for contraception is as high as 25%.
5 million women are hospitalized each year for treatment of abortion related
Worldwide, 48% of all induced abortions are unsafe abortions. More than 95% of abortions in Africa and Latin America are performed under unsafe circumstances.
Council on Contemporary Families
The Council on Contemporary Families is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to providing the press and public with the latest research and best-practice findings about American families.
for American Values
Our mission at the Institute for American Values is “to study and strengthen civil society.”We study it because we believe in the scholarly project and in the power of ideas.We seek to strengthen it because a thriving civil society is essential to the success of the American experiment.
TRADITIONAL / CONSERVATIVE ORGANISATIONS –
We affirm that the natural human family is established by the Creator and essential to good society. We address ourselves to all people of good will who, with the majority of the world’s people, value the natural family. Ideologies of statism, individualism and sexual revolution, today challenge the family’s very legitimacy as an institution. Associated with this challenge are the problems of divorce, devaluation of parenting, declining family time, morally relativistic public education, confusions over sexual identity, promiscuity, sexually transmitted diseases, abortion, poverty, human trafficking, violence against women, child abuse, isolation of the elderly, excessive taxation and below-replacement fertility. To defend the family and to guide public policy and cultural norms, this Declaration asserts principles that respect and uphold the vital roles that the family plays in society.
CWA Concerned Women for America
Concerned Women for America (CWA) is the nation’s largest public policy women’s organization with a rich 30-year history of helping our members across the country bring Biblical Principles into all levels of public policy. There’s a cultural battle raging across this country and CWA is on the frontline protecting those values through prayer and action.
3. HEALTH AND HIV/AIDS
Health: The Development of Global Sexual Health – especially Reproductive Health (see above) and AIDS and HIV.
A few stats:
In 2009, there were:
Some 33.3 million [31.4 million–35.3 million] people were living with HIV
compared to 26.2 million [24.6 million–27.8 million] in 1999. Women account for roughly 50% of this population
2.6 million [2.3 million–2.8 million] new infections, down from 3.1 million [2.9 million–3.4 million] in 1999.
1.8 million [1.6 million–2.1 million] AIDS-related deaths, lower than the
2.1 million [1.9 million–2.3 million] in 2004HIV short list
Global situation and trends: Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 70 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and about 35 million people have died of AIDS. Globally, 34.0 million [31.4–35.9 million] people were living with HIV at the end of 2011. An estimated 0.8% of adults aged 15-49 years worldwide are living with HIV, although the burden of the epidemic continues to vary considerably between countries and regions. Sub-Saharan Africa remains most severely affected, with nearly 1 in every 20 adults (4.9%) living with HIV and accounting for 69% of the people living with HIV worldwide.
The Communication Initiative Network
CI is an extensive global network of people engaged in media and communication for development. There are more than 90,000 people and organizations from over 150 countries subscribed to its newsletters and registered to its online platforms. 65% of these are from non-OECD countries.
François-Xavier Bagnoud (FXB International)
The mission of FXB is to fight poverty and AIDS and support the world’s orphans and vulnerable children left in the wake of the pandemic by advocating for their needs and basic rights and providing direct support to families and communities that care for them.
Global Partners in Action
Global Partners in Action: NGO Forum for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Development aims to strengthen NGOs working in partnership to advance sexual and reproductive health and rights for sustainable development in an uncertain and interdependent world.
Program for the Study of Sexuality, Gender, Health and Human Rights at Columbia University in New York City
The Program aims to provide a supportive intellectual location to further the sometimes separate conversations and advances that have occurred within studies of sexuality, gender, health, and human rights
Canadian Women’s Health Network
The application of human rights to reproductive & sexual health: a compilation of the work of international human rights treaty.
Directory of UN Resources on Gender and Women’s Issues
International Women’s Health Coalition
HERA is an international group of well known women’s and human rights activists for which IWHC served as the secretariat. The group worked together to ensure implementation of the agreements reached at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994; the Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW), held in Beijing in 1995; and the ICPD and Beijing five-year reviews, held at the United Nations in New York in 1999 and 2000. To this end, HERA created a set of action sheets in the 1990s that remain valuable tools for advocacy pertaining to sexual and reproductive rights and health.
FORWARD (Foundation for Women’s Health Research and Development)
FORWARD is an African Diaspora women led UK-registered campaign and support charity dedicated to advancing and safeguarding the sexual and reproductive health and rights of African girls and women. We work in UK, Europe and Africa to help change practices and policies that affect access, dignity and wellbeing
Global Health Council (GHC)
The Global Health Council works to ensure that all who strive for improvement and equity in global health have the information and resources they need to succeed.
ARROW is a regional non-profit women’s NGO based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and has consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. Since it was established in 1993, it has been working to advance women’s health, affirmative sexuality and rights, and empower women through information and knowledge, engagement, advocacy and mobilisation.
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Health
Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals have special health concerns besides the usual ones that affect most men and women. On this page you’ll find information about these specific health issues.
UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, is an innovative partnership that leads and inspires the world in achieving
NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIAID conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. For more than 60 years, NIAID research has led to new therapies, vaccines, diagnostic tests, and other technologies that have improved the health of millions of people in the United States and around the world.
USA Aids Gov
Expand visibility of timely and relevant Federal HIV policies, programs, and resources to the American public.2. Increase use of new media tools by government, minority, and other community partners to extend the reach of HIV programs to communities at greatest risk.3. Increase knowledge about HIV and access to HIV services for people most at-risk for, or living with, HIV.
NAT is the UK’s leading charity dedicated to transforming society’s response to HIV. We provide fresh thinking, expertise and practical resources. We champion the rights of people living with HIV and campaign for change.
AVERT: UK HIV and AIDS Statistics
AVERT is an international HIV and AIDS charity, based in the UK, working to avert HIV and AIDS worldwide, through education, treatment and care.
4. MINORITIES AND SEXUAL RIGHTS
Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch works for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people’s rights, with activists representing a multiplicity of identities and issues.
Amnesty International believes that all people, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, should be able to enjoy the full range of human rights, without exception. However, every day, across the globe, sexual orientation or gender identity leads to abuse in the form of discrimination, violence, imprisonment, torture, or even execution. Persecution on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity can take a variety of forms and these contravene the basic tenets of international human rights law. By highlighting instances of abuse against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals, Amnesty’s activists work to protect the basic dignity of LGBT people.
ICJ International Commission of Jurists
Composed of 60 eminent judges and lawyers from all regions of the world, the International Commission of Jurists promotes and protects human rights through the Rule of Law, by using its unique legal expertise to develop and strengthen national and international justice systems. Established in 1952 and active on the five continents, the ICJ aims to ensure the progressive development and effective implementation of international human rights and international humanitarian law; secure the realization of civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights; safeguard the separation of powers; and guarantee the independence of the judiciary and legal profession.
ISHR International Service for Human Rights
The International Service for Human Rights (ISHR) is an international non-governmental organisation based in Geneva, at the heart of the United Nations human rights system, with a small branch office in New York.Founded more than 25 years ago, we have established ourselves in supporting and facilitating the work of human rights defenders with the United Nations human rights system and regional human rights systems. We work at national, regional and international levels.
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) is a leading international organization dedicated to human rights advocacy on behalf of people who experience discrimination or abuse on the basis of their actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity or expression. Learn more about our work by clicking on the links below.
Sexual Rights Initiative: SRI
The Sexual Rights Initiative (SRI) is a coalition of organizations that has been advocating for the advancement of human rights in relation to gender and sexuality at the UN Human Rights Council since 2006. Their web site lays out all the actions and groups involved. It is very important as a global monitoring and campaigning organization.
International Lesbian and Gay Association
The oldest global organisation – monitoring every country round the world. It has a web site with a very large amount of information in several languages – including
The Annual Report of State Sponsored Homophobia. For the latest 2013 report, click:
Since 2003, ARC International has been advancing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights. ARC plays a unique role in facilitating strategic planning around LGBT issues internationally, strengthening global networks, and enhancing access to UN mechanisms. We are the only organization with a full-time presence in Geneva committed to advancing LGBT issues within the UN human rights system, and have played a key role in the development of the Yogyakarta Principles on the application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
Queer Legal Resources
The Queer Resources Directory has one of the most extensive collection of materials devoted to queer legal issues on the Internet.
Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Resource Center (The University of Utah)
The LGBT Resource Center was formally dedicated in April of 2002. The center was a result of a concerted student initiative that was supported by faculty and the university administration, which resulted in the establishment of an office on campus permanently located within the student union.
LSVD The Lesbian and Gay Federation in Germany
The LSVD supports and aids the gay and lesbian community with issues of legal and social discrimination, marginalization and violence, while also aiming to improve the situation of lesbian and gay rights in German society by promoting personal emancipation, greater political and social participation and opportunities for full integration into society.
RFSL – Riksförbundet för homosexuellas, bisexuellas och transpersoners rättigheter
RFSL—The Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights) is a non-profit organization that works with and for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people (LGBT). It is non-partisan and not affiliated with any religious organization.
The Lesbian and Gay Equality Project is a non-profit organisation that works for full legal and social equality for lesbian, transgender, gay, bisexual and inter-sexed people (LGBTI) people in South Africa. The LGEP was formerly known as the National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality.
ACE, Australian Coalition for Equality
ACE is dedicated to achieving equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in Australian national law and policy.
And in the U.K.
The Kaleidoscope Trust
The Kaleidoscope Trust is a UK based charity working to uphold the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people internationally. We believe that the rights of all people should be respected equally, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Human Dignity Trust
The Human Dignity Trust will to help local groups and individuals challenge the legality of laws which criminalise private consensual sexual activity between adults of the same sex, wherever those laws exist in the world.
The aim is that national criminal laws conform with international human rights obligations, as well as with constitutional law norms (which require nations to take into account international human rights law in the interpretation of their domestic constitutions) and rule of law values – all countries must obey international law once they have ratified an international human rights treaty.
The Trust does not campaign. It seeks clarification of the law through test case litigation.
Officially founded in 2001, Marriage Equality USA is a volunteer-driven national grassroots organization whose mission is: “To secure legally recognized civil marriage equality for all, without regard to sexual orientation or gender identity, at the state and federal level through grassroots organizing, education, action and partnerships”
Lamda Legal (USA)
Founded in 1973, Lambda Legal is the oldest and largest national legal organization whose mission is to achieve full recognition of the civil rights of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people and those with HIV through impact litigation, education and public policy work.
National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR)
Each year, through litigation, public policy advocacy, and public education, NCLR helps more than 5,000 LGBT people and their families nationwide. And our precedent-setting case victories literally re-write the law, changing the legal landscape for all LGBT people and families across the nation. For three decades we’ve led historic cases, and today we are still trailblazing in pursuit of justice, fairness, and legal protections for all LGBT people.
Gay Marriage around the World (The Pew forum)
A comprehensive list of countries that allow Gay Marriage (updated Feb. 12 2013)
Gay Marriage Around the World (BBC)
A comprehensive list of countries that allow Gay Marriage (updated Feb. 5 2013)
Westfield State University Ely Library
to be continued…….
5. VIOLENCE: THE CONTROL OF GLOBAL SEXUAL VIOLENCE, EXPLOITATION AND TRAFFICKING
A few stats:
About 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM.
FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15.
In Africa an estimated 92 million girls 10 years old and above have undergone FGM
Think of the spectrum or continuum of sexual violence…..
In a 10-country study on women’s health and domestic violence conducted by WHO,
Between 15% and 71% of women reported physical or sexual violence by a husband or partner.
Many women said that their first sexual experience was not consensual. (24% in rural Peru, 28% in Tanzania, 30% in rural Bangladesh, and 40% in South Africa).
Between 4% and 12% of women reported being physically abused during pregnancy.
Every year, about 5,000 women are murdered by family members in the name of honour each year worldwide. Worldwide, up to one in five women and one in 10 men report experiencing sexual abuse as children. Children subjected to sexual abuse are much more likely to encounter other forms of abuse later in life.
Trafficking of women and girls for forced labour and sex is widespread and often affects the most vulnerable.
Forced marriages and child marriages violate the human rights of women and girls, yet they are widely practiced in many countries in Asia, the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa.
But for full report see Violence Against Women: A Priority Health Issue. WHO and accessible at: http://www.who.int/gender/violence/prioreng/en/index.html
CATW Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
CATW and our partners engage in advocacy, education and prevention programs for victims of trafficking and prostitution in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe and North America, including the Untied States.
Human Trafficking Web Resource
The purpose of this Web site is to bring Government and NGOs in the East Asia and Pacific together to cooperate and learn from each other’s experiences in their efforts to combat human trafficking. This Web site has country-specific information such as national laws and action plans and contact information on useful governmental agencies. It also has a description of NGO activities in different countries and their contact information.
6. COMMUNICATIONS: THE GLOBAL FLOW OF SEXUAL IMAGERY AND INFORMATION
To be developed
Changing Attitude works for the full inclusion of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people in the life of the Anglican Communion.
Quest is a group for lesbian, gay and bisexual Catholics. Its purpose is to proclaim the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ so as to sustain and increase Christian belief among homosexual men and women.
Lesbian Gay Christians
The Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement is a UK-based international Charity which challenges homophobia and transphobia, especially within the Church and faith based organisations, as well as working to create and praying for an inclusive church.
The Gay Christian Network (GCN)
The Gay Christian Network is a nonprofit ministry serving Christians who happen to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and those who care about them.
The European Forum of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Christian Groups
The European Forum of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Christian Groups exists to work on equality for LGBT people within and through the Christian churches of Europe
LGBTQI Muslim Support Group
Imaan promotes the Islamic values of peace, social justice and tolerance through its work, and aspires to bring about a world that is free from prejudice and discrimination against all Muslims and LGBT people.
This is not a space for debate or where we will feel compelled to justify our existence. This is a place for us to express ourselves without fear, to share resources, and to connect with other queer Muslims.
The World Conference of GLBT Jews
The World Congress of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Jews: Keshet Ga’avah consists of around 50 member organizations in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, France, Israel, Mexico, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States. The World Congress holds conferences and workshops representing the interests of lesbian, gay, bisexual, & transgender Jews around the world. The focus of these sessions varies from regional, national, continental, to global.
Nehirim (“Lights”) builds community for LGBT Jews, partners, and allies. Our retreats and other programs celebrate LGBT culture and spirituality, and empower LGBT Jews to become active voices in their home communities. Through this work, we welcome LGBT Jews into the Jewish community, and in turn, build a more vibrant, diverse, and inclusive Jewish community by incorporating the gifts of LGBT people.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR RELIGIOUS FAITH
The International Association for Religious Freedom (IARF), the world’s first international inter-religious organization, is now a UK-based charity working for freedom of religion & belief at a global level.
We have a century-plus history of encouraging tolerance & interfaith encounter through dialogue & social justice projects. Since our founding in 1900, various faith traditions have been represented in our member groups, Chapters and young adult network, including Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Muslim, Shinto, Sikh & Zoroastrian.
WORLD CONGRESS OF FAITHS
The World Congress of Faiths believes that understanding between people of different religions is important for good community relations, for moral and spiritual renewal and for world peace. A principle is respect for those of differing faith. WCF by its educational work encourages interfaith understanding and co-operation at all levels of society.
8. EDUCATION AND GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT OF SEXUALITY EDUCATION
Since its creation in 1945, UNESCO’s mission has been to contribute to the building of peace, poverty eradication, lasting development and intercultural dialogue, with education as one of its principal activities to achieve this aim. The Organization is committed to a holistic and humanistic vision of quality education worldwide, the realization of everyone’s right to education, and the belief that education plays a fundamental role in human, social and economic development. – Read more at: http://en.unesco.org/themes/education-21st-century#sthash.q6GAXC06.dpuf
Main themes of UNESCO are:
1. Education for 21st century
2. Fostering freedom of expression
3. Protecting our heritage and fostering creativity
4. Learning to live together
5. Building knowledge societies
6. One planet, one future
7. Science for a sustainable future